Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop., Fl. Carn. 2: 26. 1772; Naqshi in Geobios 2: 164. 1975. Erysimum officinale L., Sp. Pl. 660. 1753.

Herbs, annual, 20 - 50 cm high, erect, densely branched, with simple rigid reflexed hairs. Radical leaves rosulate, lyrately deeply pinnatisect, 5 - 8 x 3 - 4 cm; terminal lobes more or less rounded or subtriangular, irregularly toothed; cauline leaves smaller with a narrow, often hastate terminal lobe. Racemes branched, 15 - 25-flowered. Flowers 3 - 4 mm across, yellow; pedicels erect, thickened, ca 3 mm long, erect. Sepals erect, slightly saccate at base, ca 2 mm long. Petals spathulate, spreading, clawed at base, obtuse at apex, ca 4 mm long. Stamens ca 3 mm long. Fruits 1 - 1.5 cm long, hispid or glabrous; valves rigid, 2 - 3-nerved, rigid. Seeds 10 - 11 in each locule, ellipsoid, reddish-brown.

Fl. & Fr. April - July.

Distrib. India: An undergrowth in Deodar forests, at ca 1800 m. Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.

Europe, Asia and N. Africa.

Notes. Naqshi (l. c.) reports it from Uri in Kashmir with detailed description.

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