Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Smelowskia C. Meyer

Herbs, perennial, erect, caespitose, branched mostly from base, often densely hairy with simple and branched hairs; rootstock often thick and covered with withered leaf-bases. Leaves pinnatisect; lower ones rosulate, petiolate; upper few distant, shortly stalked; lobes narrowly oblong to linear. Racemes corymbose above, often lax below, bracteate. Flowers small, whitish or pinkish; pedicels filiform, ascending, short. Sepals not saccate at base. Petals suborbicular, narrowed below, about twice as long as sepals. Stamens 6; anthers oblong, obtuse. Lateral nectariferous glands annular, emarginate or open inside; median glands cylindriform, on outer side of long stamens, united with laterals to form a closed ring. Ovary ellipsoid, subcylindrical, usually 6 - 10-ovuled; style short with depressed, capitate, subretuse stigma. Fruit a bivalved, lanceolate silicula or a short siliqua, 4 to 5 times longer than broad, tapering towards base; valves slightly coriaceous, flat or somewhat keeled, midrib distinct; septum thin, often obscurely 1-veined, as broad as siliculae. Seeds few, usually uniseriate, oblong-ellipsoid; radicle incumbent.

C. Asia and N. America; about 7 species, 1 in India.

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