Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Cleidion javanicum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 613. 1826. Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 444. 1887. Acalypha spiciflora Burm.f., Fl. Indica 203, t. 61, f. 2. 1768, nom. confusum. Cleidion spiciflorum (auct. non Burm.f.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. 322. 1917 (in obs.) & Enum. Philip. Fl. Pl. 2: 439. 1923; Govaerts et al., World Checkl. & Bibl. Euphorbiaceae 1: 358. 2000. C. javanicum var. moniliflorum (Airy Shaw) Chakrab. & M.Gangop. in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 12: 493. 1988 (publ. 1989) (non Cleidion moniliflorum Airy Shaw, 1980). C. spiciflorum var. moniliflorum (Airy Shaw) Radcl.-Sm. & Govaerts in Kew Bull. 52: 478. 1997; Chakrab & N.P.Balakr. in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 28: 520. 2005 (non Cleidion moniliflorum Airy Shaw, 1980).


Nep.: Bepari, Hara-bepari.

Trees or climbing shrubs, monoecious, evergreen, 8 - 12 m tall, all parts glabrous. Leaves alternate or subopposite, oblong-elliptic, narrowly elliptic to elliptic-oblanceolate, acute, cuneate or narrowly rounded at base, repand-denticulate or crenate along margins, acuminate at apex, 7 - 25 x 2.5 - 9 cm, thinly coriaceous to chartaceous, glabrous, with 4 – 6 discoid scattered glands beneath near the base; lateral nerves 5 - 10 pairs; petioles 0.7 - 7.5 cm long, thickened towards apices, with 2 discoid glands at apex, pubescent; stipules triangular-subulate, 1 - 3 mm long, caducous. Male flowers: 5 - 8 mm across, in interrupted clusters on axillary, 5 - 20 cm long, simple or rarely branched racemes; pedicels absent or up to 5 mm long, articulate; bracts ovatetriangular, ca 1 mm long, 3 - 5-flowered; calyx lobes suborbicular to ovate-lanceolate, 2 - 3.5 mm long; stamens up to 70; filaments 1 - 2 mm long; anthers 4-loculed, ca 1 mm across. Female flowers: axillary or in axils of fallen leaves, solitary or sometimes in pairs, on 5 - 7 cm long peduncles; pedicels (0.5 -) 2 - 7 (- 18) cm long; bracts subulate, up to 1.5 mm long; sepals 4 or 5, ovate-triangular, 2 - 3 x 1.5 - 1.8 mm; ovary subglobose, 3 - 5 mm in diam., mostly bilocular, rarely 3-locular; styles 2 or 3, ca 14 mm long, connate below into 4 - 5 mm long column, bifid or quadrifid above, with papillose stigmatic surfaces. Capsules 2 (or 3) locular, deeply 2 (or 3)- lobed, mostly didymous, transversely oblong, flattened, broadened upwards, 2 - 2.5 cm across, 1 - 1.5 cm long, evanescently puberulous; fruiting pedicels 1 – 7 (-18) cm long, rigid; seeds 1 – 1.5 cm in diam., smooth, white or yellow, variegated with small brown patches.

Notes. The fruits and the fruiting pedicels are highly variable in this species.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1 a. Female pedicels less than 1 cm long 1.1. alongense
b. Female pedicels more than 2 cm long 2
2 a. Female pedicels 15 - 18 cm long 1.3. longipedicellatum
b. Female pedicels 2 - 7 cm long 1.2. javanicum



RELATED IMAGES

JSP Page
  • Search