Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Homonoia intermedia Haines, Bot. Bihar Orissa 2: 111. 1921; S.K.Jain & R.R.Rao, Threatened Pl. India 88. 1983.


Shrubs, evergreen, 2 - 3 m high; branchlets minutely whitish pubescent. Leaves spathulatelanceolate, oblong to obovate, narrowed downwards to a cuneate base, coarsely serrate or dentate with or without glands along margins, rounded-truncate or broadly acute at apex, 4 - 9.5 x 1 - 1.6 cm, coriaceous to chartaceous, subglabrous above, minutely pubescent on nerves beneath, covered with minute orbicular glands and few scales beneath; lateral nerves 5 - 10 pairs; petioles 2 - 5 mm long, pubescent; stipules subulate, ca 1 mm long, caducous. Inflorescences axillary, few-flowered spikes; male spikes up to 1 cm long; female spikes 3 - 5 cm long; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 1 - 1.5 x ca 1 mm; bracteoles 2, lanceolate, 1 - 1.5 x 0.5 - 0.8 mm. Male flowers: 7 - 10 mm across, clustered; sepals 3, ovate-lanceolate, concave, 4 - 6 x 3 - 5 mm; stamens numerous; anthers ca 0.5 mm long. Female flowers: sessile, 4 - 6 mm across; calyx segments 5 or 6, ovate-lanceolate, 0.8 - 1.3 x 0.5 - 0.9 mm; ovary globose, ca 2 mm across, appressed pubescent; styles 3, connate at base, 1 - 1.5 mm long, plumose, densely papillose and recurved at apex. Fruits globose, with 2 or 3-valved cocci, 2 - 4 mm across, smooth, puberulous, dark brown.

Fl. & Fr. March - Sept.

Distrib. India: Along river and stream banks at low levels. Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Endemic.




JSP Page
  • Search