Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Impatiens pulcherrima Dalz. in Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 2: 37. 1850; Hook. in Bot. Mag. t. 4615. 1851; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 458. 1874.


Erect succulent herbs, up to 60 cm high; stems simple or branched. Leaves alternate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic oblong, acuminate, crenate-serrate, crenature setose, 7.5- 12.5 x 2.5 - 5 cm, membranous, glabrous or sparsely hairy above, glabrous and glaucous beneath; petiole 1.5 - 3 cm long, often with stipitate glands towards apex. Flowers axillary, solitary or in fascicles, ca 4 cm across, rose or violet-purple; pedicels 2 - 3 together, 5 - 7.5 cm long, erect in fruits. Lateral sepals small, lanceolate. Lip subcymbiform, mucronate; spur filiform, incurved, 3 - 5 cm long. Standard orbicular, notched,spurred or keeled on dorsal side. Wings broad, bifid, spreading; lobes obovate; distal lobes larger than basal ones. Capsules ovoid-oblong, beaked, ca 1 cm long, glabrous or pilose; seeds 2 - 8, rugose, glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Nov.

Distrib. India: W. Ghats. Maharashtra. Goa, Karnataka and Kerala.

Endemic.

Chromosome no. 2n = 12 (Stahevitch & Grant in Can. J. Bot. 62: 2631. 1984)




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