Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cullenia exarillata A. Robyns in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 40: 249. 1970. C. excelsa Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: 23, t. 1761 - 62. 1852, p.p.; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 350 1874, p.p. & J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 14: 498. 1875, p.p. C. rosayroana Kosterm. in Comm. For. Res. Inst. Indonesia 51: 4, f. 2e & 3.1956 & in Reinwardtia 4: 72. 1956, p.p.


Mal.: Karaini; Tam.: Korangu chakkai, Vedupla, Korangu Pola.

Trees, up to 30 m tall; trunk straight, white, smooth, buttressed, 20 - 60 cm in diam. Leaves simple 10 - 17.5 x 3.5 -5.5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, rounded at base, shortly acuminate at apex, coriaceous, penninerved, midrib prominent; petioles 1.3 - 1.7 cm long, curved, densely lepidote. Flowers brownish white or olive green, ca 6 - 7 cm long, pedicels 2 - 2.5 cm long. Epicalyx 1 - 1.5 cm long, campanulate, 3 - 5-lobed at apex, densely lepidote outside, whitish puberulous inside. Calyx 3 - 3.5 cm long, tubular, 5-lobed at apex, densely lepidote outside, Corolla absent. Staminal tube ca 5 cm long, exerted, 5-lobed apically, each lobe ca 8 mm long with 7 - 9 stamens along the margin; free filaments 1.5 mm long; anthers globose, circumscissile. Ovary pentangular, densely lepidote, 5-locular with 3 - 6 ovules in each locule; styles ca 4.5 cm long, woolly with prominent scales at base; stigmas capitate, densely papillose. Capsules 12 - 14 cm in diam. almost globose with acute tip, spiny, spines 2.5 - 3 cm long, stout, brownish with puberulous base; pericarp 15 mm thick. Seeds 2 - 3 in each locule, dark brown, shining, ca 4.5 cm long, exarillate.

Fl. June - Aug.; Fr. Oct. - Dec.

Distrib. India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats up to 1350 m. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Endemic.

Notes. The fruits are relished by Giant Malabar squirrels.





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