Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Durio zibenthinus Murray, Syst. Nat. Veg. ed.13: 581.1774; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 351. 1874 & in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 14: 501. 1875.

Eng.: The Durian fruit or Civet cat fruit Tree.

Trees, up to 30 m tall. Leaves simple, 12 - 18 x 5 - 6 cm, elliptic-oblong to obovate-oblong, rounded at base, acuminate at apex, entire, coriaceous, glossy above, scaly beneath, closely penninerved; petioles ca 2.5 cm long. Flowers creamy, in lateral, trichotomous cymes, ca 8 cm in diam.; peduncles subulate, angular, bracteoles 3, about half as long as calyx, caducous. Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, coriaceous, densely covered with peltate scales. Petals 5, oblong, narrowed at base, longer than calyx. Stamens pentadelphous, connate at base, bundles opposite to and longer than petals; filaments many with 1-loculed anthers. Ovary oblong, 5-loculed, ovules many in each locule, scaly; styles long, tomentose; stigma capitate. Fruit sub globose to oblong, 20 - 30 cm long, indehiscent or longitudinally dehiscent, light brown, white pulpy inside. Seeds arillate; cotyledons fleshy.

Fl. Feb. - March; Fr. May - June.

Cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Native of Malay Peninsula.

Notes. The cream coloured sweet aril and the seeds are edible. The boiled unripe fruits are eaten as vegetable.

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