Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Large, stout shrubs or small trees, herbaceous portions usually stellate-hairy. Leaves simple, or lobed, alternate, usually cordate at base, crenate-serrate, stellate-hairy above, tomentose beneath, 5 - 9-nerved at base; petiolate; stipules caducous. Flowers in 1 - many-flowered peduncled cymes, pedicelled. Involucral bracts 3 - 5, multisect or entire or lobed. Sepals 5, spathaceous at first, ultimately 5-parted; stellate-pubescent. Petals 5, flat with dilated tomentose claws. Stamens many-seriate on long, erect column, usually pubescent; anthers 2-loculed, with locules parallel. Ovary sessile, 5 - 10-loculed; styles erect; stigmas 8 - 10-lobed or more, revolute. Capsules woody, loculicidally valved, beaked at the apex. Seeds many, winged at the apex, endosperm scanty; cotyledons plaited or contruplicate.

Exclusively in Asia (China and India), ca 8 species; 7 in India.


1a. Involucral bracts multisect or laciniate 2
b. Involucral bracts entire or nearly so 6
2a. Involucral bracts near the sepals 3
b. Involucral bracts at a distance-From the sepals 3. Eriolaena lushingtonii
3a. Peduncles 1 or 3-flowered 4
b. Peduncles many-flowered 5
4a. Peduncles 1-flowered, shorter than the leaves 7. Eriolaena wallichii
b. Peduncles 3-flowered, longer than the leaves 6. Eriolaeoa stocksii
5a. Styles glabrous; valves keeled or rounded, villous or glabrous in capsules 1. Eriolaena candollei
b. Styles pubescent; valves tubercled or pitted in capsules 2. Eriolaena hookeriana
6a. Leaves ovate, scabrid above 5. Eriolaena spectabilis
b. Leaves roundish, thinly stellate-hairy 4. Eriolaena quinquelocularis

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