Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Eriolaena hookeriana Wight & Arn., Prodr. 70. 1834; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 370. 1874.

Mar.: Bute, Bother; Or.: Bonta; Sant.: Ganguli; Tel.: Nar botku.

Shrubs or small trees, up to 10 m tall; herbaceous portions stellate-tomentose. laves 10 - 13 cm in diam., roundish to cordate, cordate at base, acuminate at apex, irregularly crenate-dentate, dotted with small tufts of stellate hairs above and finely rusty pubescent beneath, nerves 5 - 9 at base, prominent beneath; petioles 2 - 11 cm long, rather stout, stellate-tomentose. Flowers many, in axillary, peduncled cymes; peduncles up to 15 cm long, stout, stellate-hairy becoming glabrous with age; involucral bracts shorter than calyx, multisect, segments linear; pedicels up to 4 cm long. Sepals 1.5 - 2 x 0.2 - 0.3 cm, linear-lanceolate, often subfalcate, pubescent outside, stellate-hairy and glandular at base inside. petals 3 - 4 cm long, obovate, ca 5 mm broad towards the apex, claws densely pubescent with in. Staminal column 1.5 - 2 cm long, antheriferous throughout its length; filaments up to 1 cm long; anthers many-seriate. Ovary ca 5 mm long, stellate-hairy; styles 2 - 2.4 cm long, pubescent; stigmas 8 - 10-lobed. Capsules 6 - 10, up to 4 x 2 cm, ovoid to pyriform, pointed, woody, loculicidal, 10-valved, valves downy, tubercled or pitted or smooth, 6 - 19 mm long, winged above, glossy.


1a. Petioles stout; leaves not green beneath, densely stellate-hairy beneath; capsules 8 - 10-valved, corrugate or tubercled 2.1. hookeriana
b. Petioles slender; leaves green beneath with minute, sparse stellate hairs; capsules 6-valved, smooth 2.2. viridis


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