Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Eriolaena quinquelocularis (Wight & Arn.) Cleghorn, Gen. Index 36. 1856. Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 371. 1874. Microchlaena quinquelocularis Wight & Arn., Prodr. 71 . 1834.

Small trees; herbaceous portions stellate-hairy. Leaves ca 7 - 20 x 5 - 15 cm, orbicular, cordate at base, acute to subacuminate at apex, coarsely crenate-serrate, dotted with small tuft of stellate hairs above, softly tomentose beneath, nerves 7 at base, raised beneath; petioles up to 9 cm long, tomentose when young, becoming glabrous at length; stipules caducous. Flowers white, 2 - 3 in axillary peduncled cymes; peduncles often longer than leaves, usually at the ends of the branches; pedicels 2 - 3 cm long, quadrangular, stellate-hairy, jointed above the middle; involucral bracts short, entire or rarely lobed, caducous. Sepals 15 - 20 x 3 - 4 mm, linear-lanceolate, acute, pubescent on both surfaces, glandular at base inside. Petals 16 - 20 x 2 - 8 mm, obovate-oblong, claw hairy at base inside. Staminal column 1 cm long with linear-oblong anthers, irregularly arranged towards the apex. Ovary lobed; styles longer than staminal column; stigmas 5-lobed, lobes revolute. Capsules 5 - 10 x 1 - 1.5 cm, ovate-lanceolate, beaked, 5-loculed, 5 - 10-valved, valves more or less pubescent, usually silky villous at the inner angles. Seeds numerous, imbricate, winged, papery, flacate.

Fl. Feb. - Aug.; Fr. April- Dec.

Distrib. India: Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

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