Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R. Br. in Benn. & R. Br., Pl. Jav. Rar. 235. 1844. Sterculia colorata Roxb., Pl. Corom. 1: 26, t. 25. 795, quoad t. 25. descr. excl. & Fl. Ind. 3: 146. 1832, p.p.; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 359. 1874. S. rubicunda Wallich ex Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 360. 1874.

Asm.: Jariudal, Kathudal; Beng.: Samarri, Pisi; Hindi: Bodula, Walena, Samarri: Kan.: Bili sulige; Mal.: Malam Paratti; Mar.: Bhaikoi, Bharkoi, Khowsey Kaushi; Tam.: Malam Parathi; Tel.: Karaka, Maraka, Karu boppaja; Eng.: The coloured Sterculia.

Trees, up to 25 m tall; trunk erect, butressed; lenticelled; brak smooth, grey of greyish green, branches spreading. Leaves 14 - 36 x 8 - 29 cm, variable in shape and size, usually ovate, entire or shallowly to deeply incised, base cordate or subcordate at base, acuminate at apex, dark green above, pale green beneath, palmately veined, primery veins slightly raised on the lower surface; petioles 10 - 30 cm long, pulvinate. Flowers bright red or orange in panicles in the axils of fallen leaves or terminal, densely covered with minute stellate hairs and scales. Calyx 1 - 1.5 cm long, funnel-shaped, slightly curved, inflated towards apex, teeth acute, with a ring of glistening bundles of long strigose hairs above base inside. Androgynophore 5 - 10 mm long, exerted; filaments very short, attached to the rim of shallow tube at the top of androgynophore; anthers 10, locules curved. Ovaries 5, flask-shaped, glabrous. Follicles 8 - 11 x 3 - 5 cm, oblong, membranous, glabrous, strongly veined, stipitate, opening at early stage. Seeds 2 per follicle; yellow, globose to ovoid, compressed, wrinkled or smooth.

Fl. Feb. - A pril; Fr. April - June.

Distrib. India: Throughout including Andaman Islands.

Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, Malay Peninsula and Indonesia (Sumatra).

Notes. In this species the flowers are structurally bisexual but functionally unisexual. In male, anthers are smaller than those in the female flowers but in the later the anthers do not open.


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