Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Firmiana fulgens (Wallich ex Masters) Corner, Wayside Trees Malaya 1: 610. 1940, p.p. quoad descr. Sterculia colorata Roxb., Pl. Corom. 1: 26. 1795 quoad descr. t. 25. excl. & Fl. Ind. 3: 146.1832, p.p.Sterculia fulgens Wallich [Cat. 1135. 1829, nom. nud.] ex Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 360. 1874. Sterculia wallichii Falconer ex Brandis, For. Fl. N. W. & C. India 34.1874, non G. Don, 1831. Sterculia pallens Wallich [ex Voigt, Hort. Sub. Calc. 105. 1845 nom. nud.] ex King in J. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 60: 73. 1891. Firmiana pallens F.v. Muell. in Vict. Nat. 3: 48. 1866; Stearn in Blatt. & Millard, Beaut. Indian Tr. ed. 2, 79.1954.


Trees, up to 20 m tall; young parts pubescent. Leaves 16 - 25 x 19 - 25 cm, more or less reniform, chartaceous, shallowly 3 - 4-lobed, lobes acute, cordate at base, glabrous above, sparsely pilose beneath, veins flat, prominent below, with main veins; petioles up to 15 cm long, pulvinate, densely pilose. Flowers in panicles on leafless branches only. Female flowers slightly smaller than male. Calyx 1.5 - 2.5 cm long, subcampanulate, lobes 4 - 6 mm long, ovate, acute, fleshy, a ring of hairs present near base inside. Androgynophore ca 1 cm long; anthers ca 20, locules curved. Carpels 5, free; ovary flask-shaped. Follicles 5 - 6 x 2 - 3 cm, stipitate, glabrous, membranous. Seeds 2, globose.

Fl. March - May; Fr. May - June.

Distrib. India: North Western. Himalaya. Jammu & Kashmir(Jammu) and uttar Pradesh (Garhwal, Mussoorie, Rajpur).

Nepal, Myanmar and Indonesia (Java).




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