Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Stixis scandeas Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 295. 1790 & l.c. 361. 1793. Roydsia parviflora Griffith, Notul. Pl. Asiat. 4: 578. 1854; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 180.1872, in obs. S. manipurensis Deb &. Rout in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 86(1): 86 - 88, f. 1. 1989, syn. nov.


Shrubs or climbers, woody; hranchlets terete, slender, greyish or reddish brown, lenticellate, puberulous when young, glabrous on maturity. Leaves alternate or subopposite, elliptic-oblong or oblong-obovate, acute or cuneate at base, abruptly acuminate at apex, entire, 7 - 16 x 2.5 - 6 cm, thinly coriaceous, glossy, minutely pustulate, glabrous, except the nerves often hairy beneath; lateral nerves 5 - 10 pairs, arching upwards and connate near periphery of margin to form an intramarginal nerve; petioles 1 - 1.5 cm long. Flowers yellowish, sweet-scented, in terminal or axillary brown tomentose racemes of 4 - 6 (-9) cm long; bracts linear, subulate, 2.5 - 3 mm long, brown-tomentose, caducous; pedicels 2 - 6 mm long, brown tomentose. Sepals obovate, obtuse, reflexed, 4 - 6 mm long, densely brown tomentose. Stamens 16 - 40 on 0.5 mm long andropbore. Ovary on 1 - 1.5 mm long gynophore, brown tomentose; style 0.5 mm long, obscurely 3-lobed at apex. Drupes ellipsoid, on stout 3-angled, 3 - 6 mm long stalk, spotted with small warts, spongy. Seed embedded in pulp.

Fl. & Fr. April - Dec.

Distrib. India: Evergreen forests at 1650 m. Nagaland and Manipur.

Myanmar.

Notes. S. manipurensis Deb & Rout (l. c.) fits into the general description of S. scandens Lour. and hence reduced as a synonym.




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