Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Stixis suaveolens (Roxb.) Pierre in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 654. 1887. Roydsia suaveolens Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3: 87, t. 289. 1819; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 180. 1872.


Asm.: Madhumalati Madhabimalati; Kh.: Madholata, Manoj ; Nep.: Kasouli-lahara.

Shrubs, scandent, ascending up to 5 m, puberulous, later glabrescent. Leaves oblong, obovate or oblong-lanceolate, cuneate, subacute to rounded at base, abruptly acuminate at apex with 5 - 15 mm long acumen, 14 - 35 x 4 - 18 cm, glabrous, coriaceous, glossy and dark green above, pale green below; lateral nerves 5 - 12 pairs; reticulations distant; petioles 1.5 - 4 cm long. Inflorescence axillary or terminal sturdy panicles, 15 - 30 cm long, velvety pubescent; bracts linear or subulate, 2 - 4 mm long, puberulous. Flowers fragrant, pale yellow or greenish-yellow, 1.6 - 1.8 cm across; pedicels equalling bracts in length; torus ca 2.5 mm across. Sepals elliptic-oblong, 5 - 6 x 2 - 2.5 mm, olive green, pubescent, becoming reflexed on maturity. Androgynophore glabrous, ca 2 mm long; stamens 38 - 52; filaments 5 - 6 mm long, glabrous; anthers orange-yellow. Gynophore puberulous, 5 - 8 mm long, slightly elongating and incrassate in fruit; ovary ellipsoid, 2 - 2.5 x 1.6 - 1.8 mm, glabrous; styles 3 (or 4), ca 1 mm long. Drupe on a stipe of 3 - 5 mm thickness, ellipsoid or obovoid, 2.5 - 6 x 2 - 4 cm, orange-brown, scurfy, lenticellate, 3-valved; fruit wall 4 - 5 mm thick, spongy, covered with whitish warts. Seed Solitary, ovoid, 1.6 - 2 x 1 - 1.2 cm; pulp aromatic, yellow, sweet.

Fl. Feb. - May; Fr. June - Dec.

Distrib. India: In mixed tropical and subtropical forests, often along streams, up to 1200 m. Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya.

Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China and S.E. Asia.

Notes. At times the plant attains a height of 10 - 12 m tall, with a girth up to 50 cm at base.

Fruits are edible.





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