Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Reseda luteola L., Sp. Pl. 448.1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1: 34.1957 (repr. ed.).


Herbs, erect, biennial, glabrous; stems erect, 0.5 - 1.2 m high, much branched. Leaves simple, decurrent, linear or lanceolate, spathulate, entire, 2.5 - 12 x 0.4 - 1.5 cm. Racemes 30 - 60 cm long, erect, dense-flowered, spike-like; bracts persistent, 3.5 - 4.5 x 0.75 mm in flower, elongating in fruits; pedicels ca 1.5 mm long, elongating in fruits. Sepals 4, ovate-lanceolate, connate at base, ca 2 x 1 , persistent. Petals 4, 3 - 4 mm long, yellow; the upper one clawed, with 4 - 8-lobed obovate limb; the two laterals and lower one clawed or clawless with entire or 4-lobed limb. Disc crenate and recurved at margin, ca 0.75 mm high, ca 1.75 mm across. Stamens 20 - 40; filaments persistent, somewhat curved. Ovary 3-carpellate. Capsules erect, stipitate, obovoid, truncate, longitudinally 6-ribbed, 3 - 4 x 5 - 6 mm, glabrous, rugose; seeds reniform, obovoid, ca 1 mm long, brown.

Fl. & Fr. Oct. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Cultivated in gardens, frequently running wild in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri and Pulney hills).

Pakistan to W. Asia, S.W. & C. Europe and N. Africa.




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