Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Rinorea bengalensis (Wallich) O. Ktze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 42. 1891. Alsodeia bengalensis Wallich in Trans. Med. Phys. Soc. Calc. 7: 224. 1835; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 186. 1872. A. griffithii Hook. f. & Thomson, l. c. 187. A. wallichiana Hook. f. & Thomson, l.c. 187. A. zeylanica (Arn.) Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 21. 1858; Hook. f. & Thomson, l. c. 187.

And.: Kyadoo; Nep.: Kalipat.

Shrubs or trees, 5 - 20 m tall; branchlets glabrous or puberulous. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate or ovate, acute at base, obtuse at apex, crenate or serrate along margins, 6 - 18 x 2 - 9 cm, thinly coriaceous, glabrous, except for the bearded nerve axils beneath; midrib prominent; lateral nerves 10 - 12 pairs; petioles up to 1 cm long; stipulea appressed, linear-lanceolate to subulate, 5 - 8 mm long, ca 1 mm wide. Peduncles up to 1 cm long; bracts basal, minute, ovate, subacute, ca 1 mm long, brown. Flowers ca 4 mm across, white. Sepals subequal, broadly ovate, ca 2 x 1 mm. Petals subequal, oblong-ovate, ca 5 x 1 mm, fleshy. Stamens on a thick 5-lobed disc, glabrous; filaments short, expanded at base, cohering into a tube; anthers oblong, appendage subapical, broad, hooded. Ovary oblong, sometimes hairy, 3-ovuled; style short, straight, glabrous. Capsules globose, up to 1 cm in diam., 3-valved, longitudinally dehiscing; seeds 3 - 4, globose, ca 5 mm in diam., glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - Nov.

Distrib. India: Common along river-banks and as undergrowth of semievergrcca forests up to 850 m. Abundant in leaf-shedding forests of the Andamans. Uttar Pradesh (cult.), West Bengal (cult.),Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Bangladesh, Myanmar to Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Australia and Pacific Islands.

Notes. Leaves are said to be used to adulterate tea. Wood is white and scented.


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