Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Corchorus urticifolius Wight & Arn., Prodr. 73. 1834 'urticaefolius'; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 397. 1874.

Guj.: Adbau, Chunchadi, khetrau, Surval.

Herbs, annual, erect, up to 1 m high, pubescent. Leaves 4.5 - 8 x 1.7 - 4.5 cm, ovate-lanceolate, obtuse or truncate at base, acute at apex, serrate, basal most serrations not prolonged into filiform processes, thinly pilose, 3 - 5-nerved; petioles 0.8 - 2 cm long, hairy; stipules ca 5 mm long, linear, hairy. Flowers 2 - 4, in leaf-opposed, shortly pedunculate cymes; bracts ca 2 mm long, subulate. Sepals ca 4 mm long, oblong, acuminate, hairy. Petals yellow, ca 3 mm long, ovate-spathulate, obtuse. Stamens ca 15. Ovary 3-loculed. Capsules 2 - 3.5 cm long, falcate, 3-angular, strigose, 3-loculed, transversely septate between seeds; beak entire, short. Seeds ca 1.5 mm long, trigonous, wrinkled.

Fl. & Fr. Almost throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malay Peninsula and E. Africa.

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