Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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betonicifolia V. patrinii sensu Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 183.1872, pro max. parte, non DC. 1824. V. caespitosa D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 205. 1825.


Leaves 2 - 8 x 1 - 3 cm, glabrous to more or less pubescent; petioles 4 - 10 cm long, usually winged above; stipules ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 5 - 10 mm long, sparsely short-fimbriate. Peduncles 5 - 15 cm long, bibracteolate at middle. Flowers lilac. Petals up to 1 cm long.

Fl. Jan. - April; Fr. March - June, often extending throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Usually in grasslands, river banks and damp grounds, 1400 - 2800 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipurt Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Malaysia to Australia.

Notes. Plants bruised and applied to ulcers and foul sores. In China, Indo-China and Malaya, the flowers of this species are said to purify blood.

Chromosome numbers reported: 2n = 48, 72 (Moore in Fedde, Repert. Spec. Nov. 68: 84. 1963); 2n = 24 (Miyaji in Cytologia 1: 28 - 58. 1929) .




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