Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia abutilifolia Vent. ex A. L. Juss. in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 4: 92. 1804; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 390. 1874. G. aspera Roxb. [Hort. Beng. 42. 1814, nom. nud.], Fl. Ind. 2: 591. 1832; Dunn in Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 119. 1915. G. macrophylla auct. non G. Don 1831: Naray. & R. Rao in J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 29: 187. 1950.


Kan.: Karakele, Kowri; Kh.: Soh-eit-blang; Mal.: Pampukonta; Mar.: Kharphulsa; Or.: Bhamola, Ryna; Tam.: Kaviya; Tel.: Guvuadada, Peddatadaki, Potucamanti.

Shrubs or small trees. Leaves 3.5 - 20 x 2 - 16 cm, elliptic-ovate, ovate or broadly oblong, subcordate at base, acute or acuminate at apex, irregularly serrate, sometimes obscurely lobed, scabrous above, stellate-tomentose beneath, 5-nerved; petioles 0.5 - 4.5 cm long. Flowers in axillary, umbellate cymes; peduncles 1 - 3 together, up to 1 cm long; buds 5 - 8 x 4 mm, ovoid or oblong; pedicels ca 2 mm long. Sepals 8 - 12 mm long, narrowly oblong or lanceolate, acute, woolly outside. Petals white, 2 - 4 x 1 - 1.5 mm, oblong, obtuse, ciliate at base; glands subglobose, ca 2 mm across, densely ciliate. Receptacle ca 1 mm long, 5-angled, glabrous. Stamens many; filaments ca 5 mm long. Ovary ca 1.5 x 1 mm, subglgobose, villous; stigma laciniate. Drupes 0.8 - 1.5 cm across, subglobose, fleshy, oubscurely 4-lobed, tomentose.

Fl. & Fr. Almost throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Common in moist deciduous forests; Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indonesia and Malaysia.




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