Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia asiatica L., Mant. Pl. 122. 1767; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 386. 1874, excl. var. vestita. G. subinaequalis DC., Prodr. 1: 511. 1824; Dunn in Gamble Fl. Pres. Madras 18. 1915. G. hainesiana Hole in Ind. For. 43: 126. 1917.


Beng.: Phalsa, Shukri; Guj.: Phalsa; Hindi: Dhamin, Kara, Parusha, Phalsa, Pharsa, Sukri; Kan.: Buttiyudippe, Jana, Thadasal; Mar.: Phalsi; Or.: Pharosakoli; Sans.:Alpasthi, Dhanvanchhada, Giripilu, Nilacharma, Parushaka; Tam.: Palicca, Tadachi, Unnu; Tel.: Nalajana, Peddajana, Phutiki.

Small trees or shrubs. Leaves 5 - 19 x 4 - 15 cm, broadly ovate or suborbicular, obliquely cordate or rounded at base, acute or acuminate at apex, crenate, scabrous above, tomentose beneath, 5 - 7-nerved; petioles up to 1.8 cm long. Flowers in axillary, umbellate cymes; peduncles up to 3.5 cm long; buds 6 - 11 x 4 - 5 mm, oblong-obovoid, ribbed, tomentose; pedicels up to 1 cm long. Sepals 6 - 12 x 2 - 3 mm, oblong-lanceolate or oblanceolate, tomentose. Petals yellow, 3 - 7 x 1.5 - 3 mm, oblong-obovate or linear-oblong, obtuse; glands ca 1 x 0.7 mm, obovoid. Stamens numerous; filaments 4 - 6 mm long. Ovary 1.5 - 2.5 x 1 - 1.5 mm, ovoid, villous; stigma 4-lobed. Drupes 7 - 12 mm across, subglobose, obscurely lobed, red or purple, pilose.

Fl. Nov. - Aug.; Fr. Jan. - Sept.

Distrib. India: Common in deciduous and semievergreen forests. Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; also cultivated.

Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.




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