Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola bulbosa Maxim. subsp. tuberifera (Franchet) W. Becker in Beib. Bot. Centralbl. Abt. 2, 34: 418. 1917. V. tuberifera Franchet in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 410. 1886; Hara in Fl. E. Himal. 2: 82. 1971.


Herbs, perennial; stems 1 - 6 cm long, arising from underground rhizome, stoloniferouse Leaves orbicular, reniform or broadly ovate-cordate, obtuse, crenate, 1 - 3 cm broad; petioles scarcely winged above, 1 - 4 cm long; stipules oblong-acuminate, narrow, entire, almost adnate at base, up to 1 cm long, often ciliate along margins. Peduncles bibractcolate above middle, up to 6 cm long. Flowers white with red or purple veins, ca 7 mm across. Sepals lanceolate, acute, ca 4 mm long. Petals ca 7 mm long, lower one spurred. Style clavate, narrowed downwards from a shortly winged, minutely beaked stigma. Capsules subglobose, ca 4 mm in diam.

Fl. & Fr. May - June.

Distrib. India; Temperate Himalayas, damp slopes amongst scrubs, 2000 - 4000 m. Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim.

Nepal, Bhutan and S.W. China.

Notes. V. bulbosa Maxim. subsp. bulbosa is distinguished from subsp. tuberifera by Its ovate-cordate leaves with leaf-base attenuated to a wing almost as long as the petiole. The unique feature of both the subspecies is production of small bulbs and suprabulbous 1 - 5 cm long stems.




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