Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola canescens Wallich in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 450. 1824. V. serpens Wallich var. canescens (Wallich) Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 184.1872.


Herbs, prostrate, pubescent or subglabrous; stem absent or producing runners instead of leafy stolons; roots long, cylindrical. Leaves ovate-cordate to subreniform, obtuse to acute, serrate-crenate, 1.5 - 4 x 1.5 - 5 cm, 5-nerved beneath; petioles 2 - 10 cm long, pubescent; stipules free, lanceolate, deeply fimbriate, up to 1 cm long, reddish at base. Peduncles up to 10 cm long. Flowers ca 1.5 cm across, pale violet. Sepals oblong-acute, ca 6 mm long, trinerved; lateral sepal large, up to 10 x 2 mm, dentate neat base. Petals obovate-oblong, up to 1.6 cm long, upper two cuneate, lateral two narrower, bearded at base, marked with dark coloured streaks, lowermost shortest with dark coloured stripes. Spur ca 4 mm long, compressed, obtuse, mostly straight or reflexed. Ovary villous; style clavate; stigma truncate, oblique. Capsules globose, ca 4 mm in diam., pubescent, many-seeded.

Fl. & Fr. March - June, extending up to Sept. - Oct.

Distrib. India: Temperate Himalayas, 1500 - 2000 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Tamil Nadu.

Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and East Asia.

Notes. This species is distinguishable from V. pilosa Blume by its glaucous pubescence, broadly ovate-cordate to subreniform obtuse leaves and deeply fimbriate stipules.




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