Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia eriocarpa A.L. Juss. in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 4: 93. 1804. G. elastica Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: 104. t. 22. 1834. G. vestita Wallich ex Brandis, For. Fl. N.W. India 40. 1874. G. asiatica L. var. vestita (Wallich ex Brandis) Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 378. 1874. G. elastica Royle subsp. vestita (Wallich ex Brandis) Haines, Bot. Bihar & Orissa 93. 1921. G. mesopoda Burrett in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 633. 1926; Naray. & R. Rao in J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 29: 179. 1950.

Asm.: Man-bijal; Beng.: Dhamni; Hindi: Bimla, Dhaman, Dhamni, Pharsia; Kh.: Dien-soh-langhri-that; Nep.: Siyal phusra, phalba, Sial phorsa; Or.: Mirgi-chara.

Trees, up to 20 m tall. Leaves 7 - 14 x 5 - 11 cm, obliquely ovate, oblong-ovate or elliptic, rounded or subcordate at base, acuminate at apex, crenate-serrate, hispid above, tomentose beneath, 5 - 6-nerved; petioles up to 1 cm long. Flowers in axillary cymes; peduncles up to 1.5 cm long; buds ca 3 mm across, globose to ovoid, tomentose; pedicels up to 1 cm long. Sepals 5 - 12 mm long, linear-oblong, hirsute. Petals yellow, ta 3.5 mm long, oblong or oblong-obovate; glands ca 1.5 x 0.7 mm, oblong. Stamens numerous; filaments ca 4 mm long. Ovary ca 2 mm across, globose, villous; stigma lobed. Drupes 5 - 10 mm across, globose, obscurely 2 - 4-lobed, black, sparsely pubescent.

Fl. Feb. - Aug.; Fr. May· Nov.

Distrib. India: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and the Western Ghats.

Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Myanmar.

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