Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola cinerea Boiss. var. stocksii (Boiss.) W. Becker in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. Abt. 2, 36: 37. 1918. V. stocksii Boiss. Fl. Orient. 1:453. 1867. V. cinerea sensu Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 185.1872, non Boiss. (1867).

Guj. & Punj.: Banafsha, Zinko-banaphsha.

Herbs, suffruticose; stem 3 - 15 cm, much-branched. Leaves ovate, oblong-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, or almost spathulate, 1 - 3.5 x 0.5 - 11 cm, acute, apiculate; lamina decurrent into petiole, crenulate to subdentate, glabrous; stipules subulate, 2 - 6 (-10) mm long, mostly denticulate to more or less funbriate. Peduncles up to 4.5 cm long, bibracteolate at top. Flowers pale violet or white, ca 5 mm across. Sepals lanceolate, ca 4 mm long, aristate, glabrous. Petals ca 6 mm long, lower petal spurred; spur very short, rounded. Style clavate, compressed; stigma lateral, consisting of 2 oblong parallel discs. Capsules cylindric, 4 - 6 mm long, acute; seeds ovoid, ca 1 mm in diam., white shiny.

Fl. & Fr. April - Oct.

Distrib. India: Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran.

Notes. The root is a powerfully emetic; flowers are emollient and demulcent; the whole plant is considered useful as febrifuge.

V. cinerea var. cinerea differs from var. stocksii in its cinerescent habit, smaller more or less shortly dentate stipules; shortly cartilaginous acuminate leaves and tomentulose capsules. Since forma stocksii and kathiawarensis show overlapping characters, they are considered as synonyms.

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