Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia flavescens A.L. Juss. in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 4: 91. 1804. G. pilosa auct. non Lam. 1789: Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 388. 1874. G. carpinifolia sensu Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 387. 1874, non A.L. Juss. 1804. G. commutata DC., Prodr. 1: 511. 1824.


Hindi: Chaperandhavi; Kan.: Chikkagarakele, Karakele, Sannagarakele; Or.: Kulnoi; Tam.: Cencadacci,ยท Tel.: Cipurutada, Kukkabudda, Madekava, Nalli Tadikamullu.

Trees, up to 6 m high. Leaves 1.5 - 13 x 1 - 7 cm, ovate-elliptic, oblong or ovate-oblong, subcordate or rounded at base, usually acute, rarely obtuse at apex, serrate, scabrous above, tomentose beneath, 3-nerved; petioles up to 7 mm long. Flowers in short, axillary cymes; peduncles 1 - 3 together; buds 1.2 - 1.7 cm long, oblong, obtuse, slightly dilated, tomentose; pedicels 2 - 5 mm long. Sepals 1.2 - 1.7 cm long, linear-lanceolate, acute, tomentose outside, glabrous inside. Petals yellow, 5 - 10 mm long, spathulate or linear-oblong, usually 2-fid; glands ca 3 mm long, oblong. Receptacle 1.5 - 2 mm long, obconical, obscurely angular, glabrous, crenulate at apex. Stamens ca 1 cm long. Ovary ca 2 x 0.5 mm, subglobose or ovoid, pilose; stigma 2-fid. Drupes 0.7 - 1 x 0.7 - 1.5 cm, 2 - 4-lobed, globose when not lobed, yellowish brown, stellate-tomentose.

Fl. & Fr. Almost throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Common in scrub and dry deciduous forests. Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Prdesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Tropical Africa.




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