Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola fedtschenkoana W. Becker in O. Fedtsch., Fl. Az. Ross. 8: 31. 1915; S.P. Banerjee & Pramanik in Fasc. Fl. India 12: 21 - 22. 1983.


Herbs, perennial, 6 - 16 cm high; branches few, decumbent; stolons absent. Leaves in basal rosette or on upper part of stem with the middle part of stem leafless, ovate-subreniform, cordate or subcordate at base, obtuse at apex, crenate-serrate, 1.5 - 2.5 x 0.5 - 2 cm, glandular punctate, pubescent, 4 - 5-veined; petioles 2 - 4 cm long. glabrous; stipules opposite, free, ovate-lanceolate, glandulose ciliate. Peduncles 2 - 6 (-8) cm long, bibracteolate at a little above the middle or near the tip. Flowers projecting much above leaves, pale violet, up to 2 cm in diam. Sepals linear-lanceolate, up to 8 mm long, entire, with elongated appendage. Petals oblanceolate or obovate-oblong, up to 1.5 cm long; lateral petals bearded at base; spur slender, slightly curved upwards, up to 6 mm long. Style swollen upwards, hooked above; stigma almost papillose, hairy. Fruit not seen.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Stipules distinctly fimbriate; peduncles bibracteolate at a little above the middle; spur elongated, up to 6 mm long; style papillose hairy above 8.1. fedtschenkoana
b. Stipules slightly fimbriate; peduncles bibracteolate near the tip; spur short, up to 3 mm long; style non-papillose hairy 8.2. muzaffarabadensis


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