Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia nervosa (Lour.) Panigr. in Taxon 34: 702. 1985. Fallopia nervosa Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 336. 1790. Microcos paniculata L., Sp. Pl. 514. 1753, non Grewia paniculata Roxb. ex DC. 1824. Grewia microcos L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12,2: 602. 1767, nom. illeg.; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 392. 1874.


Asm.: Pisoli; Beng.: Asar; Kan.: Abhrangu Biliyabhranga, Majjigesoppu; Kh.: Dieng- soh-dhkhar, Dieng-soh-lieng-hadem; Mal.: Kotta, Kottaka; Mani.: Heitup; Tam.: Kadambu, Visalam.

Small trees or shrubs. Leaves 9 - 23 x 4 - 10.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, more or less oblique, rounded or cordate at base, acute or acuminate at apex, subentire or serrulate, glabrous or pubescent beneath, 3 - 5-nerved; petioles up to 1 cm long. Flowers in axillary and terminal panicles; buds 5 - 7 mm long, obovoid or subglobose, tomentose; pedicels ca 1 mm long. Sepals 5 - 7 mm long, oblong-obovate, tomentose. Petals white or yellow, ca 2 mm long, ovate, acute, pubescent at base; glands ca half the length of petals, sparsely ciliate. Receptacle ca 1 mm long, ciliate at apex. Stamens many; filaments 3 - 4 mm long, hairy at base. Ovary ca 1 mm across, globose, glabrous; stigma 2-fid, minute. Drupes 8 - 10 mm across, globose or subglobose, purple, glabrous, wrinkled.

Fl. March - Dec.; Fr. June - March.

Distrib. India: Common in semievergreen and evergreen forests. West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Andaman Islands).

Tropical Asia.




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