Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola hamiltoniana D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 206. Feb. 1825. V. arcuata Blume, Bijdr. 58, June-Dec. 1825. V. distans Wallich in Trans. Med. Phys. Soc. Calc. 7: 227. 1835; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit.India 1:183.1812. V. distans Wallich var. acaulis Hook. f. & Thomson, l.c. 184.


Herbs, perennial; stems or stolons trailing up to 30 cm long, slender, procumbent or ascending, rooting at lower nodes. Leaves ovate to reniform-cordate, usually as broad as long, with broad basal sinus, obtuse or rather acute at apex, crenate-serrate, 1.5 - 5 x 1 - 4.5 (-6) cm, glabrous to hirsute; petioles curved upwards, 1 - 8 cm long, glabrous; stipules lanceolate, acute, subentire to fimbriate, 5 - 15 x 1 - 4 mm, glabrous, white to purple. Peduncles 1 - 8 (-12) cm, bibracteolate above middle. Flowers 1 - 1.5 cm across, White to light violet. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, entire, 2.5 - 5 x 1 - 2 mm; appendage rounded, ca 1 mm long. Petals ovate-oblong, 2 - 4 times as long as broad, ca 1 cm long; lateral ones slightly bearded; spur saccate, ca 4 mm long. Style more or less geniculate at base, subclavate distally, 1 - 2 mm long; stigma of 2 small laterally patent lobes. Capsules oblong, 0.6 - 1 cm long, glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. Feb. - June, often throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Edges of forests in grasslands and roadsides, 1000 - 2500 m. Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Kamataka and Tamil Nadu.

Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Malaysia and Philippines.

Notes. Chromosome number reported: 2n = 24 (Borgmann in Zeitschr. Bot. 17: 1 - 27. 1964).




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