Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia optiva J.R. Drumm. ex Burrett in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 962. 1926; Naray. & R. Rao in J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 29: 179. 1950.


Hindi: Bhimal, Biul Biung; Lep.: Taglar.

Small trees; bark grey. Leaves 3 - 16 x 2 - 8 cm, ovate or ovate-elliptic, rounded or obtuse at base, acuminate at apex, crenate-serrate, pubescent, 3-nerved; petioles 5 - 10 mm long. Flowers in axillary or leaf-opposed cymes; peduncles up to 3.5 cm long; buds ca 10 x 6 mm, elliptic, ribbed, tomentose; pedicels up to 2 cm long. Sepals 1 - 1.2 cm long, tomentose. Petals white or pale yellow, 5 - 9 mm long, ovate. Stamens many; filaments 6 - 10 mm long. Ovary ca 2 mm across, ovoid, hirsute; stigma lobed. Drupes 2 - 2.5 cm across, 2 - 4-lobed, greenish black.

Fl. April- Sept.; Fr. June - Nov.

Distrib. India: Common in moist deciduous and evergreen forests. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim.

Pakistan, Nepal and Bhutan.




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