Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia orbiculata Rottler in Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schr. 4: 205. 1803; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 386. 1874. G. rotundifolia A.L.Juss. in Ann. Mus. Nad. Hist. Nat. 4: 92. t. 50, f. 3. 1804; Dunn in Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 118. 1915. G. orbicularis G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 550.1831.


Hindi: Kala dhaman; Kan.:Jana, Karijana; Or.: Mirgachara; Tam.: Neyccitti Uduppai Valukunnu; Tel.: Jana, Nulitada.

Trees, 4 - 8 m high. Leaves 0.6 - 9 x 2 - 7 cm, orbicular, broadly elliptic or obovate, obliquely cordate or subcordate at base, obtuse to acuminate at apex, irregularly crenate-serrate, grey-tomentose beneath, 5-nerved; petioles 0.3 - 1.2 cm long. Flowers in axillary or leaf-opposed, umbellate cymes; peduncles up to 3 cm long; buds 6 - 10 mm long. oblong or elliptic-oblong; pedicels 7 - 10 mm long. Sepals 6 - 10 mm long. lanceolate, woolly outside. Petals orange-yellow, 4 - 6 mm long, oblong. Receptacle 0.5 - 1 mm long, angular, glabrous, pubescent at apex. Stamens ca 4 mm long. Ovary ca 2.5 x 1.5 mm, obovoid, furrowed, pilose; stigma 4-lobed; lobes laciniate. Drupes 5 - 8 mm across, subglobose, obscurely 2-lobed, glaucous-tomentose.

Fl. & Fr. March - Oct.

Distrib. India: Common in dry deciduous forests. Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.





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