Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola kunawarensis Royle, Illus. Bot. Himal. 74, t. 18, f. 3. 1839; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 185. 1872.


Herbs, perennial, up to 7 cm high, acaulescent, glabrous; rootstock slender, branched; stolons absent. Leaves tufted, ovate-oblong to orbicular, subentire, cuneate, attenuate at base, 1 - 2 x 0.5 - 1 cm, glabrous; petioles 2 - 6 cm long; stipules 2 - 3 mm long, adnate to a point above the middle, lanceolate, acuminate, shortly glandulose fimbriate, membranaceous. Peduncles up to 8 cm long, bibracteolate at middle. Flowers spreading, ca 1 cm in diam., purple. Sepals ca 3 mm long. Petals up to 1 cm long, obovate-oblong; spur short, obtuse, ca 2 mm long. Style clavate, shortly incurved; stigma subhorizontal, hardly beaked. Capsule elliptic, acute, ca 3 mm long, glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. May - Sept.

Distrib. India: Alpine slopes, 4500 - 5200 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim.

Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal and China (Tibet).

Notes. W . Becker (in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. Abt. 2, 34: 397. 1917) described V. kunawarensis var. angustifolia from Khambajong in Tibet based on oblong-lanceolate leaves with long attenuate base. This is not a distinctive feature found in materials from the area under study and hence it is considered as a synonym.




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