Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia serrulata DC., Prodr. 1: 510. 1824; Naray. & R. Rao in J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 29: 179. 1950. G. laevigata auct. non Vahl 1790: Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 381. 1874, incl. syns. G. multiflora auct. non A.L. Juss. 1804: Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 388. 1874, incl. syn. G. sepiaria G. Don 1831. G. disperma auct. non Rottler ex Sprengel 1825: Dunn in Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 118. 1915. G. glabra Blume, Bijdr. 115. 1825; Naray. & R. Rao in J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 29: 179.1950. G. barberi J.R. Drumm. ex Dunn in Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 118. 1915.

Asm.: Kukur-huta; Beng.: Pani-sara; Hindi: Kath bimla, Pansaura; Kan.: Javanigale, Karagele, Murige; Kh.: Dieng-tiewser, Dieng-tyrbhong; Nep.: Chiple, Kuail; Or.: Kath bimla, Kulokathri; Tam.: Pirunnu, Thavannu, Uduppai; Tel.: Allipayaru, Kotirike, Potireke.

Trees or shrubs. Leaves 1 - 18 x 1.5 - 7 cm, lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic- ovate or obovate, rounded or narrowed at base, acute or acuminate, sometimes obtuse at apex, sharply serrate, glabrous or glabrescent, 3-nerved; petioles up to 1.5 cm long. Flowers in axillary, umbellate cymes; peduncles 1 - 2 together, 1.5 - 2.5 cm long; buds 8 - 15 x 5 - 8 mm, ovoid, ovoid-oblong or subglobose, tomentose; pedicels up to 2.5 cm long. Sepals 9 - 16 x 3 - 5 mm, oblong or lanceolate, tomentose. Petals greenish white, ca 3.5 x 1.5 mm, ovate or obovate, usually notched, sometimes acuminate at apex; glands slightly shorter than petals. Receptacle 2 - 3 mm long, grooved, pubescent in upper half. Stamens numerous; filaments 4 - 5 mm long, glabrous. Ovary ca 2.5 x 1.5 mm, ovoid,pilose; stigma 5-lobed; lobes laciniate. Drupes 5 - 15 mm across, 2-lobed, globose when not lobed, dry black, glabrous when old.

Fl. April- Dec.; Fr. June - March.

Distrib. India: Common in moist deciduous and evergreen forests. Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Andaman Islands).

Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Indo-china, Australia, Malesia and Tropical Africa.


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