Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola macroceros Bunge in Ledeb., Fl. Alt. 1: 256. 1829. V.patrinii sensu Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 183. 1872, p.p


Herbs, perennial, 5 - 14 cm high; stem absent; rhizome short, indistinctly articulated at apex. Leaves in rosette, ovate-oblong to orbicular, obtuse, 2.5 - 5 x 2 - 4 cm, basal parts entire, crenate above, glabrous to pubescent; petioles 5 - 16 cm long, almost winged above; stipules ca 1 cm long, adnate to a point above the middle, fimbriate. Peduncles ca 12 cm long bibracteolate above the middle. Flowers ca 1 cm across, purple to white. Sepals rotundate, ca 4 mm long, with short appendage. Petals obovate-oblong ca 1 cm long; lateral petals bearded at base; spur 4 - 6 mm long. Ovary glabrous, style clavate; stigma marginate and shortly beaked; seeds purple.

Fl. & Fr. April - Sept.

Distrib. India: Uttar Pradesh.

Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, Russia and Europe.




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