Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia tenax (Forsskal) Fiori in Agric. Colon. 5: Suppl. 23. 1912; Naray. & R. Rao in J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 29: 179. 1950. Chadara tenax Forsskal, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 105. 1775. Grewia populifolia Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1: 33. 1790; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 385. 1874. G. betulaefolia A.L. Juss. in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 4: 92. t. 2. 1804; Dunn in Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 117. 1915.

Tam.: Accu; Tel.: Gundukadira, Kadadarai Kattekolupu.

Shrubs, 2 - 3 m high. Leaves 0.5 - 4 x 0.5 - 2.5 cm, broadly ovate, rotund or elliptic, rounded or obtuse at base, obtuse at apex, coarsely dentate, scabrid above, glabrous or sparsely hairy beneath, 3-nerved; petioles up to 1 cm long. Flowers in axillary or leaf-opposed cymes; peduncles up to 1.5 cm long; buds 8 - 10 mm long, oblong, tomentose; pedicels up to 5 mm long. Sepals 1.2 - 1.8 cm long, linear-oblong, tomentose outside. Petals white, ca 6.5 mm long, linear-oblong, obtuse, usually notched at apex, ciliate at base; glands ca 2 mm long. Receptacle ca 2.5 mm long, ribbed, glabrous, pilose at apex. Androgynophore ca 0.5 mm long. Stamens many; filaments ca 5 mm long. Ovary ca 2.5 mm across, subglobose, 4-lobed, hirsute; stigma 4 - 5-lobed. Drupes 6 - 10 mm across, 2-parted, each half didymous, orange-yellow, glossy, glabrescent.

Fl. & Fr. May-Feb.

Distrib. India: Occasional in scrub jungles. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh Delhi, Assam, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh: Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Afghanistan, W. Asia and Tropical Africa.


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