Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia tiliifolia Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1: 35. 1790; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 386. 1874, 'tiliaefolia'. G. arborea Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 24. 1821. G. leptopetala Brandis, Indian Trees 180. 1906. G. tiliifolia Vahl var.leptopetala (Brandis) T. Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 142. 1901. G. tiliifolia Vahl var. argentea Burrett in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 659. 1926; Naray. & R. Rao in J. Indian Bot. Soc. 29: 179. 1950.

Hindi: Dhamin, Jujhana, Phalsa; Kan.: Buttele, Jana, Tadacali, Thadsal; Mal.: Catacci Chadicha; Or.: Bhangia, Dhaman, Dhamono; Sans.: Dhanuvrikhsha, Dhannana; Tam.: Cadacci, Sadachi, Thadachi Unnu; Tel.: Charachi, Jana, Nulijana, Tada, Tada-jana

Trees, 6 - 15 m tall; bark peeling off. Leaves 1.7 - 36 x 1 - 24 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate, ovate or ovate-rotund, obliquely cordate at base, acuminate or rounded at apex, serrate to crenate-serrate, glabrescent above, sparsely pubescent or tomentose beneath, 5-nerved; petioles up to 4 cm long. Flowers 3 - 6, in axillary cymes; peduncles 1 - 2 cm long; buds 3 - 6 mm long, subglobose or obovoid-oblong, tomentose; pedicels 4 - 13 mm long. Sepals 5 - 8 x 3 mm, elliptic or lanceolate, subacute, tomentose outside. Petals yellow, 3 - 4.5 x 1.5 mm, elliptic-oblong or spathulate, obtuse, notched at apex, sparsely ciliate at base; glands ca 0.5 mm long. Receptacle minute, glabrous excepting at apex. Stamens many; filaments ca 4 mm long. Ovary ca 1.2 mm across, globose, sparsely hirsute; stigma 4-lobed. Drupes 2.5 - 5 x 7 - 10 mm, black, distinctly 2-lobed; lobes globose, sparsely hirsute

Fl. Jan. - Sept.; Fr. May - Oct.

Distrib. India: Common in moist and dry deciduous, and semievergreen forests, up to 1400 m. Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and kerala.

Sri Lanka and Tropical E. Africa.


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