Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola paravaginata Hara in J. Jap. Bot. 43: 47. 1968 & Fl. E. Himal. 2: 82. 1971.


Herbs, perennial; rootstock 3 - 7 (-12) cm long, 4 - 7 mm thick, articulated; stems or stolons absent. Leaves rotundate to ovate-cordate, deeply cordate at base, 2 - 5.5 (-9) x 2 - 4 (-7) cm, pilose above, only on nerves beneath; petioles 3 - 12 (-16) cm long; stipules oblong-ovate, long-attenuate, 6 - 10 mm long, glandulose ciliate, brown. Peduncles 5 - 8 (-13) cm long, bibracteolate below the middle. Flowers ca 1 cm across, white to purplish or mauve with purple with purple streaks. Sepals lanceolate, 3 - 4 mm long. Petals oblong-obovate, up to 1 cm long; spur curving upwards, ca 2 mm long. Stigma beaked. Capsules oblong-ovate, apiculate, glabrous, purple-spotted; seeds yellowish brown.

Fl. April - June; Fr. June - Oct.

Distrib. India: Temperate E. Himalayas, often amongst bamboos, 2000 - 3500 m. West Bengal and Sikkim.

Nepal and Bhutan.

Notes. This species is allied to V. moupinensis Franchet from which it is distinct by the ebarbate lateral petals and absence of stolons.




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