Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Grewia villosa Willd. in Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schr. 4: 205. 1803, in anmerkungen; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 388. 1874. G. orbiculata G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 551. 1831. G. corylifolia A. Rich. in Guillemin et al., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 95. t. 20. 1831.

Guj.: Padekhado, Parekhado; Kan.: Buttigaragale, Garakale, Sunnudippe; Mar.: Kharmati; Tam.: Kullai; Tel.: Banta, Cenula.

Small trees or shrubs, 3 - 5 m high. Leaves 3 - 15 x 3 - 12 cm, rotund-ovate, orbicular or cordate, cordate at base, rounded to abruptly acuminate at apex, crenate or serrulate, scabrous above, villous beneath, 5-nerved; petioles up to 4 cm long. Flowers in axillary or leaf-opposed cymes; peduncles 1 - 5 mm long; buds ca 10 x 3 mm, ellipsoid, pilose; pedicels 2 - 5 mm long. Sepals ca 1 cm long, lanceolate, pilose. Petals dull yellow, ca 1 mm long, spathulate, emarginate; glands ca 1.5 mm long, obovoid. Receptacle ca 1 mm long, angular, glabrous, ciliate along toothed-rim. Stamens many; filaments ca 5 mm long. Ovary ca 2 mm across, subglobose, densely villous; stigma laciniate. Drupes 1.2 - 1.5 cm across, subglobose, obscurely 4-lobed, yellowish red, villous.

Fl. & Fr. Almost throughout the year.

India: Occasional in scrub and dry deciduous forests. Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Pakistan, w. Asia and Tropical Africa.


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