Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Trichospermum javanicum Blume, Bijdr. 57. 1825. Bixagrewia nicobarica Kurz in J. Bot, 325. t. 169. 1875. Trichospermum kurzii King in J. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 60: 119. 1891. Colona javanica auct. non (Blume) Burrett 1926: Balakr. & M.K.V. Rao in Jain & R.R. Rao, Assessm. Threat. Pl. India 200. 1983.

Trees, up to 20 m tall; young parts sparsely stellate- tomentose. Leaves 6 - 23 x 2.5 - 12 cm, ovate to ovate-oblong, rounded or subcordate at base, acute at apex, serrulate, glabrescent above, sparsely and minutely stellate-puberulous beneath, strongly 3-nerved; petioles 1 - 2.5 cm long, glabrescent to sparsely stellate-puberulous. Flowers in axillary, many-flowered cymes; peduncles 1 - 7.5 cm long; buds ovate; pedicels up to 1 cm long. Sepals 1 - 1.5 cm long, oblong, stellate-pubescent on both surfaces, green, red-spotted or not. Petals pale green, ca 1 cm long, oblong-spathulate, pubescent on both surfaces. Ovary globose, hairy. Capsules 1 - 2 x 2.5 - 3 cm, orbicular-reniform, compressed contrary to septum, often shortly acuminate at apex, glabrescent. Seeds oblong, subtruncate at both sides, pilose.

Fl. & Fr. Jan. - April.

Distrib. India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Camorta Islands in the Nicobars).

Malay Peninsula, Thailand and Indonesia.

Notes. It was included by Balakrishnan & Rao (l.c.) based on the report of Kurz (J. Bot 13: 325. t. 169. 1875). It has not been recollected since Kurz.

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