Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Triumretta pentandra A. Rich. in Guillemin et al., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 93. t. 19. 1831. T. neglecta Wight & Arn., Prodr. 75. 1834; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 396. 1874. T . rhomboidea Jacq. var. pentandra (A. Rich.) J.L. Ellis in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 24: 209. 1983.


Herbs, annual, erect, much-branched, 20 - 60 cm high; stems stellate-hairy. Leaves 3 - 10 x 3 - 8 cm; basal leaves rhomboid-ovate, entire or palmately 3-lobed; upper ones ovate-lanceolate, unlobed, cuneate at base, acute or acuminate at apex, crenate-serrate, simple-hairy above, stellate-hairy beneath, 3 - 5-nerved; petioles up to 5.5 cm long, densely pubescent; stipules 5 - 6 mm long, subulate, ciliate and hispid-glandular along margins. Flowers in leaf-opposed, shortly pedunculate, cymose clusters forming interrupted racemes, shortly pedicellate, 4 - 5 mm across; bracts 2 - 3 mm long, linear, hairy. Sepals ca 2.5 mm long, lorate, cucullate, awned, stellate-pubescent. Petals yellow, as long as sepals, spathulate, obtuse, pubescent at base. Stamens 5 (rarely up to 10). Carpels 2; ovary ovoid, pubescent, 2-loculed; stigma 2-fid. Capsules 4.5 - 6 x 3 - 4 mm, ovoid to oblong-ellipsoid, tomentose; spines uncinate, 1.5 - 2 mm long with a line of spreading hairs on upper side. Seeds 4, somewhat trigonous, smooth, brown.

Fl. & Fr. Almost throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Almost throughout except N.E. region.

Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Cape Verde Islands and Africa.




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