Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola sikkimensis W. Becker in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. Abt. 2, 34: 260. 1916. V. hookeri Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 183. 1872, p.p.(quoad spec. Sikkim, J.D. Hooker).


Herbs, perennial; rootstock woody, erect, densely articulated; stolons up to 18 cm long with distantly placed leaves. Leaves ovate-orbicular, cordate with broad sinus at base, acute, crenate, 1.5 - 5 x 1.5. - 3.5 cm, palmately 3 - 5-nerved at base, glabrous, silvery-white beneath; petioles up to 8 cm long, not winged; stipules lanceolate, subulate , acuminate, up to 1 cm long, long-fimbriate, scarious. Peduncles up to 9 cm long; bracts 2, medianly placed, suhulate, lanceolate, laciniate along margins, ca 5 mm long. Flowers ca 1.5 cm across, creamy-white, with purplish tinge. Sepals linear-lanceolate, acute, 5 - 7 x 2 mm. Petals unequal, oblong-obovate, spathulate, ca 13 x 3 - 5 mm; lower spurred, spur ca 2 mm long. Stamens ca 3 mm long, ca 2 mm broad; filaments short, broad; connective broadly ovate with minutely ciliate margins, produced beyond anther into an ovate subacute membranous appendage of ca 1 mm long. Style subclavate, ca 1.5 mm long, narrowed downwards from the marginate obscurely 3-lobed beaked stigma. Capsules oblong-ellipsoid, beaked, 5 - 8 mm long, minutely granular, with persistent sepals; valves apiculate.

Fl. March - June; Fr. July - Oct.

Distrib. India: Grasslands and pine forests, 1200 - 3000 m. West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Meghalaya.

China and Indonesia.





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