Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola sylvatica Fries ex Hartman f. in Bot. Notiser 81. 1841. V. canina L. var. sylvatica (Fries ex Hartman f.) Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 185. 1872.


Herbs, perennial; rootstock short or absent; stem arising from a short central axis. Leaves ovate-orbicular, crenate-serrate, 1.5 - 4 x 1.5 - 3 cm. glabrous; petioles 1 - 5.5 cm long; stipules leafy, fimbriate, up to 1 cm long. Peduncles 2 - 5 (-7) cm long, equalling or exceeding leaves, 1-flowered. Flowers up to 2 cm across, violet. Sepals lanceolate, acute; appenndage ca 2 mm long, subtruncate. Petals orbicular, obovate; spur ca 5 mm long, straight or curved. Style inflated above; stigma decurved, ending in an uncurved orifice. Capsules ovate-acute, ca 5 mm long, glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. June - Sept.

Distrib. India: Jammu & Kashmir.

Central Asia and Europe.

Notes. Plant used in chest troubles; stem, leaves and flowers bruised and applied to wounds.




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