Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola thomsonii Oudem. in Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.- Bat. 3: 74. 1867; Hara in Fl. E. Himal. 213. 1966.


Rootstock articulated; stolons up to 20 cm long. Leaves ovate-cordate, acute, 2.7 x 1.5 - 4 cm, serrate-crenate, glabrous to sparsely strigose; petioles 2 - 12 cm long, glabrous; stipules lanceolate, up to 1.5 cm long, deeply fimbriate Peduncles up to 13 cm long, not extending above leaves; bracteoles linear, acuminate with a few teeth along margin, up to 1.5 cm long. Flowers ca 1.5 cm long. Sepals lanceolate, acute, ca 6 mm long. Petals obovate to ovate-oblong, ca 1.5 cm long, pale violet; lower petal spurred, spur saccate. Style geniculate at base; stigma marginate, rarely shortly beaked. Capsules oblong, apiculate, ca 1 cm long.

Fl. & Fr. March - Sept. Often throughout the year.

Distrib. India: West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur.

Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar.

Notes. This species shows some similarities with V. pilosa Blume but can be distinguished by its ovate-cordate acute glabrous leaves and petioles, deeply fimbriated stipules and peduncles bibracteolate above tbe middle, with longer bracteoles teethed along margins.




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