Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Viola wallichiana Ging. in DC., Prodr. 1: 300.1824. V. reniformis Wallich in Roxb. Fl. Ind. 2: 457. 1824. V. biflora auct. non L.; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 183. 1872, p. p.


Stems 5 - 15 (-25) cm, erect or decumbent. Leaves cauline, reniform to rotundate, rounded-crenate along margins, 0.7 - 2.5 (-4.5) x 1 - 3 (-5) cm long, glabrous; petioles 0.5 - 6 cm long. Stipules ovate, denticulate, ca 3 mm long. Peduncles 0.8 - 5 cm long, bibracteolate above the middle. Flowers ca 1 cm across, yellow. Sepals subulate-acute, ca 5 mm long. Petals elliptic-obovate, ca 1 cm long; spur linear, 0.5 - 6 mm long, obtuse. Stigma bilamellate, with spreading lobes. Capsules oblong, apiculate, ca 4 mm long.

Fl. & Fr. May - Sept.

Distrib. India: Temperate E. Himalayas, along margins of forests, 2000 - 3300 m. West Bengal and Sikkim.

Nepal and Bhutan.

Notes. This species is distinguished from V. biflora L., by its rounded-crenate leaves, subulate acute sepals, petals pure yellow outside without purple reticulations and with slender 5 - 6 mm long spur.




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