Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Averrhoa carambola L., Sp. Pl. 428. 1753; Edgew. & Hook. f. in Fl. Brit. India 1: 439. 1874.


Trees, ca 14 m high; branches of ten drooping; branchlets hispid. Leaves 3 - 5 pairs; rachis up to 20 cm long; leaflets acute to acuminate, ca 10 x 4 cm, glaucous beneath; nerves 4 - 10 pairs. Panicles axillary, ascending, up to 7 cm long. Flowers heterodistylous; pedicels 3 - 6 mm long, articulate 1 - 2 mm below calyx. Sepals ca 4 x 2 mm, bright red. Petals ca 8 x 2 mm. Stamens 10,5 shorter stamens anantheriferous or sometimes 1 or 2 of these longer and antheriferous. Ovary elliptic, up to 25 mm long; ovules 3 - 5 per locule. Fruits ca 12 x 5 cm, covered by a fleshy aril; seeds up to 10, ca 12 x 5 mm.

Fl. & Fr. May - August.

Distrib. India: Cultivated; Maharashtra, Bihar, Orissa, W. Bengal, Assam, Tamil Nadu and Kerala, also in some other states.

Notes. Fruits are edible, fresh or pickled.





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