Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus aristatus Roxb.,[Hort. Beng. 43: 1814, nom nud.] Fl. Ind. 2: 599. 1832; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 405. 1874.


Asm.: Gerala Sopa, Nagini; Garo.: Chham Nangal, Gangma Jachhang; Kh.: Dieng Thang Khapiah; Nep.: Dalchiwari.

Trees, 20 - 40 m, tall, old trees buttressed at base. Leaves often crowded at the ends of branchlets, 24 - 40 x 6 - 10 cm, obovate, elliptic or oblanceolate, cuneate or acute at base, rounded or subacute at apex, distantly serrulate or subentire, glabrous, thinly coriaceous, midrib prominent, with glands in the axils of lateral veins beneath; petioles 1.5 - 4.5 cm long, swollen at both ends, geniculate, glabrous. Racemes 8 - 20 cm long, axillary, rusty villous, glabrescent with age. Flower-buds lanceolate, ribbed; flowers pale white, 1.8 - 2 cm across, drooping, fragrant; pedicels 1 - 2 cm long, rusty villous. Sepals 1 - 1.5 cm long, lanceolate, narrowly triangular or oblong, rusty tomentose without, glabrous within. Petals white, 1.5 - 1.8 cm long, triangular, laciniate, densely silky hairy outside. Stamens 40 - 60; filaments ca 1 cm, long, puberulous or glabrous; anthers 4 - 5 mm long, oblong, with 4 - 5 mm long erect awns. Ovary ovoid, sericeous, 2-loculed; styles subulate, longer than anthers, tapering from a conical base. Drupes 3 - 3.5 long, ellipsoid; pyrenes oblong, pointed at both ends, compressed, rugose, 1 or rarely 2-loculed.

Fl. April- June; Fr. July - Oct.

Distrib. India: In moist deciduous and evergreen forests between 1500 and 2000 m. West Bengal(Darjeeling), Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya. Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Nicobar Islands) and Maharashtra.

Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.





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