Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus floribundus Blume, Bijdr. 120. 1825; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 401. 1874. E. rigidus Ridley in J. Asiat. Soc. Str. Settl. 54: 28, 1910. E. ramsoii Kunth in Feddes Repert. Sp. Nov. 44: 131. 1938.


Asm.: jalpai; Beng.: Belphoi; Hindi; jalpai; Mani.: Charphai; Nep.: Koving.

Trees, 15 - 25 m tall; branchlets glabrous. Leaves crowded near ends of branchlets, 5 - 21 x 2 - 8 cm, broadly ovate or elliptic-ovate, acute or cuneate to rarely rounded at base, bluntly acute or acuminate at apex, coarsely repand-serrate, subcoriaceous, glabrous, glandular-punctate beneath, pustulate when dry, bright red before falling; petioles 3 - 5 cm long, thickened at both ends, geniculate, glabrous, occasionally with a pair of glands at apex. Racemes 10 - 15 cm long, axillary. Flower-buds ellipsoid, sericeous; flowers white, 6 - 7 mm across; pedicels 8 - 10 mm long, puberulous or glabrescent. Sepals 5 - 7 mm long, lanceolate, thickened and tomentose along margins. Petals white, 5 - 7 mm long, obtriangular, laciniate, ciliate along margins. Stamens 25 - 30; filaments ca 1 mm long, slender, minutely puberulous; anthers ca 2 mm long, oblong, puberulous, bearded, not awned. Disc silky villous. Ovary silky villous, 3-loculed. Drupes 2.5 - 4 cm long, oblong-ovoid, pale green, smooth, fleshy; pyrenes 1 - 3-loculed, locules 1-seeded, narrowed at both ends, shallowly rugose, 3-grooved.

Fl. March - Aug.; Fr. Oct. - Dec.

India: In moist semievergreen forests, between 1000 and 1500 m. West Bengal(Darjeeling), Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Andaman Islands).

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malaysia and Indonesia(Java).

Notes. Fruits edible, often cooked and pickled, pulp pleasantly acrid; nuts made into rosaries.





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