Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus glandulosus Wallich ex Merr. in J. Arn. Arb. 32: 194. 1951. E. oblongus auct. non. Gaertn., 1788 & Smith, 1809; Wight & Arn., Prodr. 82. 1834; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 403. 1874. E. tectorius auct. non (Lour.) Poiret 1812; Ramamoorty in Saldanha & Nicolson, Fl. Hassan Dist. 131. 1974, excl. Syn.

Mal.: Kattu Kara; Mar.: Kasa; Tam.: Bikki

Trees, up to 50 m tall. Leaves 7 - 13 x 4 - 6.5 cm, broadly ovate or elliptic, cuneate at base, acute to shortly acuminate at apex, crenate-serrate, crenations often with linear glands, coriaceous, glabrous above, glandular beneath, domatia often present, pustulate when dry; petioles 2 - 3.5 cm long, glandular at apex. Racemes 4 - 10 cm long, axillary, puberulous when young. Flower buds ovoid conical; flowers white, 10 - 12 mm across; pedicels 7 - 12 mm long, reddish, pubescent. Sepals 5 - 6 mm long, ovate, acute, brown, glandular pubescent. Petals 6 - 8 mm long, cuneate, narrowed at base, broader at apex, laciniate to about half way down, ciliate along margins. Stamens 40 - 45 in groups; filaments 1 - 2 mm long, curved, puberulous; anthers 2 - 3 mm long, oblong, glabrous. Ovary pilose, 2-locular; styles short, conical, hairy. Drupes 2.5 - 3.5 cm long, oblong or elliptic, narrowed at both ends, fleshy, rugose; pyrenes oblong, 2-locular, 2-seeded.

Fl. March - Dec.; Fr. July - April.

Distrib. India: In evergreen (especially in Sholas) and moist deciduous forests of Western Ghats between 1000 and 2000 m. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and kerala.


Notes. E. oblongus described by 3 different workers belong to 3 different species as synonyms. E. oblongus Gaertn. (1788) to E. serratus L.(1753), E. oblongus Smith(l809) to E. tinctoria (Lour.) Poiret (1812) and E. oblongus Wight & Arn. (1834) to E. glandulosus Wallich ex Merr.

Fruits used as emetic, useful for rheumatism, pneumonia, ulcers, piles and leprosy. Wood is white, strong and soft suitable for match boxes.


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