Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Woody climbers or scandent shrubs, evergreen; armed with retrorse axillary spines. Leaves alternate, unifoliolate or simple; petioles pulvanoid, often articulated above with the leaflet blade. Flowers axillary, fascicled or solitary, medium to large, fragrant. Calyx cupular with 4 or 5 distinct sepals, persistent. Petals 4 or 5, imbricate, white. Stamens 8 or 10, alternately shorter and longer; filaments linear, subulate above; anthers linear-oblong, larger. Ovary on a distinct elongated gynophore, 3 - 5-locular; each locule with 1 or 2 ovules; style cylindric, longer than ovary; stigma capitate, globose or oblate. Berries subglobose, ellipsoid to pyriform or obovoid, entire or obscurely lobed or sometimes furrowed, apiculate or obtuse at apex; pericarp thick, glandular, variously pubescent, yellowish or orange-coloured to deep pinkish when ripe, 3 - 5-locular with 1 - 5 large, compressed seeds; seeds embedded in a mucilaginous substance; pulp-vesicles absent.

Tropical and subtropical parts of India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, S. China, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malay peninsula, Sumatra, Sumbawa, Borneo, Philippines and Australia; ca 12 species, 5 in India.


1a. Sepals broad, obtuse 2
b. Sepals narrow, acute 4
2a. Pedicels shorter than or as long as flowers, softly pubescent; style pubescent below, glabrous above; berries subglobose or obovoid, 3 - 5-grooved, downy-pubescent 4. Paramignya monophylla
b. Pedicels much longer than flowers, glabrate; style glabrous throughout; berries globose or pyriform, obscurely 2- or 3-lobed, glabrous 3
3a. Petioles not articulated with base of blade; style 10 - 15 mm long, slender; stigma capitate 1. Paramignya andamanica
b. Petioles articulated with blade at middle or of its entire length; style 5 - 7 mm long, unevenly cylindric, dilated above; stigma oblate 2. Paramignya beddomei
7a. Plants pubescent to tomentulose; filaments longer than anthers 5. Paramignya scandens
b. Plants glabrous or nearly so; filaments shorter than anthers 3. Paramignya citrifolia

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