Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus lanceifolius Roxb., [Hort. Beng. 42. 1814, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind. 2: 598. 1832. 'lanceaefolius'; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 402. 1874. Kanjilal et al., Fl. Assam 1: 175. 1934, incl. var. vestitus. E. serrulatus Benth. in Hook., J. Bot. 3: 362. 1852, non Roxb. 1814.


Kj.: Dieng-soh-khyllam; Nep.: Bhadrase,- Badrass.

Trees, up to 20 m tall; branchlets pubescent. Leaves 5 - 15 x 2 - 4 cm, elliptic, lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or oblanceolate, cuneate to attenuate at base, acute to acuminate at apex, distantly crenate-serrate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent beneath, pustulate beneath when dry, thinly coriaceous or chartaceous; petioles 7 - 15 mm long, puberulous or glabrous, obscurely geniculate at apex. Racemes 5 - 8.5 cm long, axillary, Puberulous. Flower-buds ovate-lanceolate, subtended by small, linear-lanceolate, caducous bracts; flowers white, 6 - 9 mm across; pedicels 8 - 12 mm long, slender, puberulous. Sepals 3 - 5 mm long, lanceolate, keeled, puberulous or glabrate without, silky puberulous within. Petals white, 4 - 6 mm long, obtriangular, laciniate, ciliate. Stamens 15 - 30; filaments ca 2.5 mm long, pubescent; anthers 1.5 - 2 mm long, oblong with short bristles at apex, puberulous. Disc of 5 rounded glands, hairy. Ovary villous, 3-loculed; styles villous at base. Drupes 2.5 - 3 cm long, oblong-ovoid to ellipsoid, green; pyrenes oblong, strongly rugose, with 3 longitudinal grooves, unilocular, 1-seeded

Fl. March - Aug.; Fr. Oct. - Dec.

Distrib. India: In moist deciduous and evergreen forests between 1500 and 2200 m. West Bengal(Darjeeling), Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, S.China, Taiwan, Hongkong and Indonesia(Java).

Notes. Fruits are edible, wood suitable for making tea boxes, charcoal and also used or house building. Nuts used for rosaries, necklace, bracelets.

The chromosome number reported is 2n = 30 (Mehra & Sarin, Silvae Gent. 22(3): 66- 70. 1973).





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