Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus macrocerus (Turcz.) Merr. in J. Arn. Arb. 32: 183. 1951. Monocera macrocera Turcz. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 19(2): 494. 1846. Elaeocarpus littoralis Kurz in J. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 43: 132. 1874 & For. Fl. Brit. Burma 1: 167. 1877. E. obtusus auct. non Blume, 1825; King in J. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 60: 134. 1891. E. monocera auct. non Cav., 1800; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 405. 1874, p.p.


Asm.: Pani sopa, Phutkuli.

Trees, 10 - 20 m tall; branchlets pubescent or glabrescent. Leaves 6 - 20 x 3 - 12 cm, obovate-oblong, oblanceolate or spathulate, cuneate at base, obtuse or subacute at apex, distantly cuspidately crenate-serrate, thinly coriaceous, glabrous. Racemes 3 - 10 cm long axillary, corymbose, puberulous. Flowers buds lanceolate or ovoid, acute, 5-ribbed; flowers dull white, 2 - 2.5 cm across; pedicels 2 - 3 cm long, slender, puberulous or glabrate. Sepals 1.5 - 2 cm long, linear-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or oblong, glabrous within, greyish hairy without, margin thickened, tomentose. Petals 2 - 2.5 cm long oblong-cuneate, narrowed at base, broader at apex, laciniate, canescent within, pilose without. Stamens 30 - 60; filaments 3 - 4 mm long, hairy; anthers 3 - 4 mm long, oblong, puberulous, with 3 - 4 mm long, erect awns. Ovary ovoid, acute to obtuse, smooth pyrenes terete, strongly tubercled, unilocular, 1-seeded.

Fl. Feb. - March; Fr. May - June.

Distrib. India: In moist evergreen and semievergreen forests between 500 and 1000 m Assam and Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Nicobar Islands).

Myanntar, Indo-China, Malay Peninsula and Indonesia.




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